What are the main types of visas for Brazilians in the USA?
SAO PAULO, BRAZIL ( Oct. 31, 2023- O ESTADO DE SP | B3 ) – One of the most common paths to obtain permanent residence in the USA in the form of a Green Card is through employment-based immigrant visas (EB visas), such as EB-1, EB-2, and EB-3.
The average processing times with the U.S. government can vary considerably, depending on the visa category being requested. The costs associated with petitions for EB-1, EB-2, and EB-3 visas can also fluctuate over time and are influenced by various factors, including the specific visa category, the applicant’s nationality, and the current conditions of the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
According to immigration expert lawyer Miguel Negeliskii Risch from the American law firm Risch Law Firm, visa interviews primarily aim to prevent fraud and verify the applicant’s history and intentions. He recommends, “The most appropriate approach to answering these interviews is always to be honest and tell the truth.”
Over the years, the issuance of Green Cards has increased for Brazilians, as shown in the survey conducted by Rischusing data from the U.S. Department of State. See the following numbers:
Year Green Card Issuance
2010 – 2019 130,466
Source: U.S. Department of State
In 2022, EB visas represented 30.3% of all approved green card grants. Here’s how many were issued last year:
Category Accepted Applications
Source: U.S. Department of State
Here are the general steps to obtain your work visa in the USA:
- Determine your eligibility:EB-1: For individuals with extraordinary abilities, multinational executives or managers, or renowned researchers/teachers invited to work in the country.EB-2: For professionals with advanced educational degrees in any professional field or exceptional skills in the fields of arts, science, or business.EB-3: For professionals who have the interest of an American company in hiring them, without necessarily having a high level of education or exceptional skills.
- Secure a job offer (for EB-3 visas): For an EB-3 visa, you need a job offer in the USA. The requirements vary depending on the EB-3 category. Obtain a Labor Certification (LC) issued by the U.S. Department of Labor, proving that there are no qualified workers available in the USA to fill the position.
- Submit the Immigration Petition to USCIS.
- Wait for approval, which can take several months. There are cases where expedited processing is allowed, which takes 15 days.
- Wait for the priority date because each EB visa category has an annual limit of available visas.
- Attend the consular interview at the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate.
After the issuance of the immigrant visa, you can enter the USA and receive an “I-551” stamp in your passport, also known as a Green Card. Remember that requirements may change throughout the process, and the waiting time can vary depending on the visa category and country of origin. It is highly recommended to consult an experienced immigration lawyer for specific guidance in your case. Source: O ESTADO DE SP | B3
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